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There has long been a need for a specific data protection legislation in India. Until now, the data protection framework in India has been rather rudimentary with only the basic level of protection being guaranteed to the data principals and only minimal, if any, obligations being placed on the entities collecting and/or processing such data. The lack of such guarantees and obligations was reinforced by a 2017 Supreme Court judgement, recognising the right to privacy as a fundamental right, as well as a more recent Supreme Court judgement regarding “Aadhar” (a government identity scheme), which noted the urgency for India to adopt and enforce a data protection law.

Click to read more – An Overview of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019